- Persistent excessive inflation in Mexico could lead on Banxico to undertake an aggressive tightening cycle within the second half of the yr
- Markets anticipate two extra 25bps price hikes in 2021, though buyers are beginning to worth in a 3rd one
- Tighter financial coverage by Banxico may gain advantage the Mexican peso towards the U.S. dollar
Earlier today I wrote about inflation in Mexico following the discharge of the most recent knowledge from INEGI. June headline CPI eased barely to five.88% y/y from 5.89% y/y in Could and remained considerably above the higher restrict of the central financial institution’s goal (as a reminder, Banxico seeks to realize an inflation price of three% +/- 1 share level above or under that degree). In the meantime, core inflation, a intently watched indicator by coveragemakers that excludes risky gadgets reminiscent of gas and agricultural merchandise, jumped 4.58% y/y, its highest degree since December 2017.
Wanting on the knowledge, there isn’t a doubt that the headline CPI result’s worrisome, however what’s extra troubling is the relentless rise in core inflation, as this factors to broadening worth pressures within the midst of climbing prices for companies. Because the financial system reopens extra absolutely within the coming months, pent-up demand ought to exacerbate the noticed development, making certain the prevalence of elevated inflation ranges for the rest of the yr and maybe past.
To make sure that inflation converges to focus on over the coverage horizon and that expectations don’t change into unanchored by second-round results, Banxico can have no selection however to boost borrowing prices once more within the second half of 2021. The market is presently pricing in two extra 25 foundation level price hikes via the tip of the yr, though expectations for a 3rd hike are beginning to agency. If all three hikes materialize, Banxico’s benchmark price will finish the yr at 5.00%.
Tighter financial coverage from Banxico would elevate nominal charges within the nation and ought toenhance the Mexican peso, so long as US treasury yields stay low in relative phrases. Nevertheless, as I argued in a previous article, for the search-for-yield commerce to work in favor of MXN, volatility must keep subdued (for reference, many merchants select to observe the VIX Index to see how volatility is behaving within the broad market). Quite the opposite, if investor sentiment deteriorates, markets change into defensive and turbulence ensues, nothing would preclude the Mexican peso from weakening towards the greenback. Usually, when threat aversion flares up, merchants scale back EM FX publicity to hurry into safe-haven belongings.
USD/MXN TECHNICAL ANALYSIS
From a technical perspective, following a short leap to the upside, USD/MXN seems to have stalled once more within the 20.00/20.20 space after colliding with its 200-day transferring common. From right here, if promoting strain begins to accentuate, the primary help seems on the 19.80 mark, adopted by the 2021 low close to the 19.55 area. Past this ground, the 19.00 psychological degree comes into play.
Alternatively, if bulls regain management and USD/MXN manages to breach the 20.00/20.20 resistance decisively, consumers might propel the change price in direction of the 20.75 degree, the place the June excessive converges with a 12-month descending trendline.
USD/MXN TECHCNICAL CHART
EDUCATION TOOLS FOR TRADERS
—Written by Diego Colman, DailyFX Market Strategist
Observe me on Twitter: @DColmanFX